Common Forms of Gout: Outlining Your Risk Factors
Gout is known to be a rheumatoid form of arthritis that causes inflammation, intense pain, discomfort and swelling of the affected regions. Gout mainly tends to affect the joints, especially those of the lower body limbs, such as toes, heels, ankles, knees. In some cases, gout may cause inflammation of the elbows and hand wrists. Skin and soft tissue such as tendons and muscles can be affected by the disease, losing their flexibility and elasticity.
The main cause of gout is the clustering of uric acid crystals in the arterial blood vessels, limiting normal blood flow and causing inflammation. As a result of either excessive manufacture of uric acid in the body or renal insufficiency (sometimes the kidneys are unable to eliminate the surplus of uric acid), uric acid accumulates, crystallizes and debris in different body parts. Food intake plays a major role in the development of gout. Some foods are rich in excess fat and purine, a substance that is synthesized by the organism into uric acid and therefore may aggravate the symptoms of gout. Smoking and the consumption of alcohol ought to be considerably reduced when suffering from gout, because they factors affect the secretion of uric acid, causing the accumulation within the body.
- People who suffer from gout may experience sudden, unexpected pain episodes that tend to reoccur periodically.
- This may be a first sign of chronic gout.
- The pain may also be more intense during the night in the case of some people who suffer from gout.
- Another type of gout, referred to as pseudogout, occurs because of the accumulation of crystallized calcium in the joints, as opposed to uric acid.
- Gout will be more likely to be developed by men (almost 90 percent of men and women diagnosed with gout are male), usually after the age of 40.
- In some instances, women at menopause can be affected by the disease too.
- Gout rarely takes place in order to children and young adults.
- Gout is considered to have a pronounced hereditary character.
- Research results show that some people who are afflicted by gout have a family history of the disease.
- Obesity is another important factor that leads to the development of gout.
- The organisms of overweight people tend to make more uric acid.
- Obesity also increases the risks of injury at the level of the joints.
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Other factors that may facilitate the development of gout are prolonged treatments with diuretics, earlier surgeries, the presence of certain diseases that affect blood flow or extreme medical treatments such as chemotherapy.
Is Very Important to Control Gout Through the Means of a Proper Diet
It is best to keep away from cigarettes and alcohol, as these factors are known to aggravate the disease. Drink plenty of water to be able to facilitate the elimination of excessive uric acid (you should drink around 2 liters of water a day). Lastly, try to avoid a sedentary lifestyle; exercise regularly in order to keep your body in good shape.