Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee
There are several knee diseases or conditions which can also contribute to chronic knee discomfort. These diseases often impact the soft tissues, joints, nerves and/or bones within the knee area. The most typical knee diseases as well as conditions include arthritis, arthritis-related cysts, attacks, calcification and softening of vital cartilage. An overview of each of these ailments can be found below.
There are several types of arthritis, including genetic, degenerative and inflammatory. Hereditary arthritis includes both rheumatoid arthritis and gout. An individual with one of these conditions is genetically likely to be able to have chronic inflammation of the joint, which can be painful as well as limit movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is degenerative in nature. The cartilage gets worn down over time due to repeat usage of the knee joint.
- Knee arthritis can be treated with an arthritis knee brace or perhaps, in very severe cases, knee replacement surgery.
- In some arthritis cases, the knee's puffiness can result in fluid building up in a cyst typically located in the back of the knee.
- These are often referred to ask Baker cysts.
- If the cyst becomes large and painful, you can have a physician drain the fluid, as well as use physical therapy and medication.
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Infection about the Knee Joint or Bone
Following a puncture wound, a bacterial pathogen can penetrate the knee area through the joint, bursa, bone or skin and lead to an internal an infection in the knee joint or bone. Even though the knee may not encounter particular pain as the result of an infection, the individual may create a fever, experience chills in their body and a localized heat around the leg. When diagnosed, these bacterial infections are typically treated with a round of antibiotics.
Knee tumors are rare, but when they do show up they can impede walking and cause pain. The best treatment for tumor is surgery, but in a few extreme cases, it may also require knee amputation.
The collateral ligament located on the inside of the knee may calcify. This is usually seen in people who have had a significant MCL ligament injury in their past and is known as Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome. The calcification leads to inflammation, but it can be treated effectively with continuous cold therapy, immobilization and rest. In some instances a cortisone shot can help.
Chrondromalacia will be a condition characterized by the softening of cartilage beneath patella (knee cap). It is most often seen in women, likely due to how their hips distribute weight to their knees. When the cartilage softens, it can cause significant deep leg pain as well as stiffness. Most cases of Chrondromalacia are efficiently treated with anti-inflammatory treatment, strengthening exercises for the quads, rest and cold therapy.
Chris Dillon is President of MMAR Medical Group Inc., a wholesale medical supplier specializing in orthopedic braces including wrist and hand braces, cervical braces and a wide variety of arthritis and hinged leg braces.