6/29/2022

Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee

Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee

There are many knee diseases or conditions which can also contribute to chronic knee discomfort. These diseases often have an effect on the soft tissues, joints, nerves and/or bones inside knee area. The most common knee diseases and also disorders include arthritis, arthritis-related cysts, attacks, calcification and softening of vital cartilage. An overview of each of these ailments can be found below.

Knee Arthritis

There are several types of arthritis, including genetic, degenerative and inflammatory. Hereditary arthritis includes both rheumatoid arthritis and gout. An individual with these conditions is genetically susceptible to have chronic inflammation of the joint, which can be unpleasant as well as limit movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is degenerative in nature. The cartilage receives worn down over time because of repeat usage of the knee joint. Knee arthritis can be treated with an arthritis knee brace or perhaps, in very severe cases, knee replacement surgery. In some arthritis cases, the knee's swelling can cause fluid building up in a cyst usually found in the back of the leg. These are often referred to ask Baker cysts. If the cyst gets big and painful, you can have a physician drain the fluid, as well as use physical therapy and medication.

Infection on the Knee Joint or Bone

Following a puncture wound, a bacterial pathogen can penetrate the knee region through the joint, bursa, bone or skin and lead to an internal infection in the knee joint or bone. Even though the knee may not knowledge specific pain as the result of an infection, the individual may develop a fever, knowledge chills in their body and a localized heat around the knee. When diagnosed, these attacks are typically treated with a round of antibiotics.

Knee Arthroscopy - Gout

Knee Arhroscopy on a knee with urate crystals. Gout is a medical condition usually characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis—a red, ...

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Tumors

Knee tumors are rare, but when they do seem they can slow down walking and cause pain. The best treatment for tumour is surgical removal, but in a few extreme cases, it may also require lower leg amputation.

Calcification

The collateral ligament located on the inside of the knee may calcify. This is usually seen in people who have had a significant MCL ligament injury in their past and is known as Pellegrini-Stieda syndrome. The calcification leads to irritation, but it can be treated effectively with continuous cold therapy, immobilization and rest. In some instances a cortisone shot can help.

Chondromalacia

Chrondromalacia is actually a condition characterized by the treatment of cartilage beneath patella (knee cap). It is most often seen in women, likely due to exactly how their hips distribute weight to their knees. When the cartilage softens, it can cause significant deep leg pain as well as stiffness. Most cases of Chrondromalacia are effectively treated with anti-inflammatory medication, strengthening exercises for the quads, relaxation and cold treatment.

Chris Dillon is President of MMAR Medical Group Inc., a wholesale medical supplier specializing in orthopedic braces including wrist and hand braces, cervical braces and a wide variety of arthritis and hinged knee braces.